Taymyr (Dolgano-Nenets) Autonomous Area
Taymyr (Dolgano-Nenets) Autonomous Area – a constituent entity of the Russian Federation being a part of the Krasnoyarsk Region. The area is located fully within the polar circle. It borders with the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) in the east and with Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area in the west. In the north it is washed with the Kara Sea and the Laptev Sea. The area is 862,100 km2 (three administrative regions, one town, one workers’ settlement, twenty-first country administration). Administratively, the territory of Norilsk Municipal Council is subject directly to the Krasnoyarsk Region. The population (for the end of 2010): total is 34,400, urban 23,000, and country 11,400. Ethnic composition (according to the census as of 12.01.1989): the Dolgans is 8.8 %, the Nenets 4.4 %, the Nganasans 1.5 %, the Russians 67.1 %, the Ukrainians 8.6 %, and other nationalities 9.6 %. The density of the population is 0.1 person for 1 km2. The administrative center is the town of Dudinka (over 25,000 people). The area was established on December 10, 1930, as a national district, since 1987, an autonomous area, and since 1992, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation being a part of the Krasnoyarsk Region.
Half of the area’s territory is the Taymyr Peninsula and the adjacent territory, Severnaya Zemlya and Nordenskiold Archipelagos, and a number of islands in the Arctic Ocean: the Sibiryakova Island, the Arctic Institute Island, the Izvestiy TSIK Island, the Uedineniya Island, and the Sergey Kirov Island.
The rivers are the Yenisei (500 km within the area’s boundaries), the Khatanga, the Pyasina, the Upper and Lower Taymyra, and the Popigay. The lakes are Taymyr (the area is 4,500 km2, and the length is 250 km), the largest lake after Baikal. Other large lakes are Pyasino, Glubokoe, Lama, Kata, and Khantayskoye.