Taimen (Hucho taimen)
Reference work entry
Taimen (Hucho taimen) – a species of fish in the Hucho genus of Salmonidae family. Being the largest salmon in the world, 1.5–2 m long and with a weight of 60–80 kg, T. is found in rapid mountain rivers and cold-water lakes. It matures at 4–6 years. The spawning is in spring in small rivers with shingle bed. The fertility is 10,000–34,000 eggs, the eggs are large, laid in redds, and juvenile fish hatches out in approximately a month. During spawning the body is copper red. After spawning, as well as in autumn and winter, T. gains weight. T. is a typical predator. In summer it eats almost nothing at all and stays in small tributaries. By autumn it goes down and enters channels of big rivers and lakes. T. lives in freshwater – rivers and drainage cold-water lakes; it never enters seas. T. is found in a vast territory in Russia: from the Cis-Urals Region (the Pechora and the Kama basins) to the eastern margins of Yakutia and the south of the Far East (the Yana River, the Aldan River, the Uda River, the Tugur River, the Amur River with tributaries). T. also lives in Siberian rivers – the Angara, the Malaya Belaya, and the Bolshaya Belaya rivers, the Belaya River, the Onot, the Urik, and the Oka, but in limited numbers. T. is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation.
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