The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

State Natural Preserve “Bolshoy Arkticheskiy,” Federal State Institution

Reference work entry

State Natural Preserve “Bolshoy Arkticheskiy,” Federal State Institution – a state environment-oriented research which is educational in the sphere of ecology institution of federal significance which is aimed at preserving and researching the progress of natural phenomena, the genetic fund of the flora and the fauna, certain species and groups of plants and animals, and typical and unique ecological systems. The largest natural preserve in Russia on the Taymyr Peninsula and in Eurasia. Was established in 1993 by the decree of the Cabinet Council – the Government of the Russian Federation. The area is about 42,000 km2 together with an affiliate – the Biosphere Reserve “Taymyrsky.” Occupies 35 isolated parts formed by both separate islands and groups of islands, archipelagoes of the mainland parts of the Taymyr Peninsula with the adjacent water area of the Kara Sea, its gulfs and bays. The preserve consists of seven cluster areas: Diksonsko-Sibiryakovsky, “The Kara Sea Islands,” Pyasinskiy, “Middendorff Bay,” “the Nordenskiöld Archipelago,” “the Taymyra,” and “the Chelyuskin Peninsula.” The state natural reserve of federal significance “Severo-Zemelskiy” with an area of about 420,000 ha and the state natural reserve of regional significance “Brekhovsky Islands” with an area of 288,500 ha report to the “Bolshoy Arkticheskiy” Natural Preserve. Its central part is occupied by the areas of the Kara Sea coast in the district of the Pyasina River mouth, the Taymyra mouth, and the Lenivaya River. The natural reserve is a part of the biggest habitat of the Taymyr population of a wild reindeer in the world. The water area is home to polar bears, walruses, bearded seals, ringed seals, and belugas. Eighteen species of animals are in the endangered-species list (Red Book). The WWF participates in the financial support of the natural preserve.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016