The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

“A. Sibiryakov”

Reference work entry

“A. Sibiryakov” (up to 1916 “Bellaventure”) – an icebreaker of the USSR Arctic fleet, which was the first to pass along the Northern Sea Route in one navigation. S. was built by “Henderson and Co.” in Glasgow, England, in 1909, for a Canadian hunting company and purchased by Russia in 1915 for winter navigation in the Barents Sea, being renamed in the honor of A. N. Sibiryakov, an explorer, merchant, and gold industry entrepreneur, who did a lot for the Northern Sea Route exploration. The length is 76.5 m, width 10.8 m, draft 5.1 m, deadweight 3,200 t, speed 13 knots, crew 50 people, and scientists 12. After the Civil War in Russia (1917–1922), she was used for hunting in the “gorlo” of the White Sea and as a transport supply vessel. In 1932 she undertook the first famous voyage along the Northern Sea Route from West to East, for the first time sailing along Severnaya Zemlya in one navigation, in 2 months and 5 days (65 days) (Captain V. I. Voronin, the head of the expedition O. Yu....

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016