The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Shores of the Chukchi Sea

Reference work entry

Shores of the Chukchi Sea – a vast system of lagoons and barriers. The most important conditions of the shore formation are the shelf character of the sea, severe climate, difficult ice conditions, a small degree of compartmentalization of the coastal line, and the peculiarities of the coastal land relief. These peculiarities are as follows: the sea is approached either by the offshoots of the coastal pressure ridge formed by the slate–limestone complex of the Paleozoic period or by the narrow lowland separating the mountains from the sea and formed by loose depositions of different origin (mostly lacustrine–alluvial and marine). This lowland is covered by permafrost. The winds and subsequently the waves spread predominantly from the north to the northwest.

The shores of the western and central coast of the Chukchi Sea in the region of Cape Schmidt and Cape Vankarem are characterized first of all by great development of the shore bars and lagoons separated by them. Their natural...

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016