The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Sea Mammal Hunting

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_457

Sea Mammal Hunting – a traditional occupation of the inhabitants of the ocean coast. Among the Chukchi, Koryak, and Eskimos, this industry has been developed for several 1,000 years, creating common elements of culture. They hunted seals, walruses, and whales, fully providing themselves with meat, fat, skins, and bones. The main tools of fishing were harpoons with floats and spears. To scare the animal and kick it out of the water, firecrackers made of whalebone were used. Currently, along with new types of hunting guns and transport, the old weapons still apply.

The Union of Marine Mammal Hunters was established in 1997; it has three commissions: whaling, pacific walrus, and polar bear.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016