The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Sardine Cisco (Latin Coregonus sardinella)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_449
Sardine Cisco (Latin Coregonus sardinella) – semi-anadromous, less often lake fish of Coregonus family. It is large; its length is over 40 cm and weight 500 g. Dorsal fin is shifted to the front. Gains weight in fresh and brackish water in estuaries. Matures at 3–7 years. Spawning run from June to October. Spawns in autumn. Lays eggs in sand 1–1.5-m deep. Average fertility is 17,000 eggs. After spawning some fish die. Juvenile fish hatch out in May and roll down to gain weight. Feeds on plankton and juvenile fish. Life span is 8–11 years. Inhabits Siberian waters from the Kara River to Kolyma River and can be met in the Anadyr River. A very important commercial species.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016