The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Russian Federation (RF) or Russia

Reference work entry
Russian Federation (RF) or Russia – a state located in the northeast of the world’s largest mainland of Eurasia, which occupies the eastern part of Europe and North Asia. It is washed by 13 seas belonging to the basins of the Atlantic, Arctic, and Pacific Oceans. It shares borders with 18 countries – Norway, Finland, Poland, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Abkhazia, Southern Osetiya, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, North Korea, Japan, and the United States. The eastern border of the Russian Federation passes through the seas of the Pacific Region – with Japan through the Straits of La Perouse, Kunashir, Izmeny, and Sovetsky separating Russian islands of Sakhalin, Kunashir, and Tanfiliev (the Lesser Kuril Ridge) from the Japanese Island of Hokkaido and with the United States – in the Bering Strait, where the Diomede Islands are located and between the Russian Island of Ratmanov (Big Diomede Island) and the US island of Kruzenshtern (Little Diomede Island).

Russian Federation (Source:

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