The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

RosAtomFlot, the Federal State Unitary Enterprise (FGUP RosAtomFlot)

Reference work entry

RosAtomFlot, the Federal State Unitary Enterprise (FGUP RosAtomFlot) – became part of the State Atomic Energy Corporation “Rosatom” in 2008. Since that year, all Russian nuclear-powered vessels with nuclear power installations and nuclear service ships were transferred under the supervision of this organization. As a result, the company operates now as the basis for a single icebreaking technological complex of civil nuclear fleet of the Russian Federation. In its activity, “RosAtomFlot” is guided by the principles of providing reliable and effective icebreaker support of maritime transportation activities in the Russian Arctic, based on the safe operation of ships equipped with nuclear power plants. With this regard, the company performs the following tasks: icebreaking navigation along the Northern Sea Route and to freezing ports of the Russian Federation; transportation of containerized cargo on board of the “Northern Sea Route” nuclear lighter carrier; provision of expedition activities and research studies of the hydrometeorological regimes of the seas and mineral resources of the Arctic shelf adjacent to the northern coast of the Russian Federation; provision of rescue operations in ice in the Northern Sea Route waters and non-Arctic freezing seas; tourist cruises to the North Pole, islands, and archipelagos of the Central Arctic; maintenance and repair works of general stock shipboard and special-purpose nuclear vessels; and safe handling of nuclear materials and radioactive wastes.

Russia has the most powerful icebreaker fleet in the world and the unique experience of design, construction, and operation of such vessels. The Russian nuclear icebreaker fleet consists of six nuclear-powered icebreakers, one container carrier, and four maintenance vessels. Its mission is to ensure the stable operation of the Northern Sea Route, as well as access to the Far North and the Arctic shelf. Today, the company RosAtomFlot based in Murmansk operates four two-reactor icebreakers with a capacity of 75,000 hp (“Rossiya,” “Sovetskiy Soyuz,” “Yamal,” and “50 Let Pobedy”) and two one-reactor icebreakers with a capacity of 50,000 hp (“Taymyr” and “Vaigach”), as well as the lighter container carrier “Sevmorput” with a capacity of 40,000 hp. In addition to this, there are two maintenance vessels that are in operation (“Imandra” and “Lota”), the special tanker for liquid radioactive waste “Serebryanka” and the ship for sanitary treatment of personnel and radiation monitoring “Rosta-1.” Decommissioned vessels include the first Soviet nuclear-powered icebreaker “Lenin,” as well as the icebreakers “Siberia” and “Arktika,” and the maintenance vessels “Lepse” and “Volodarsky.” It is planned to build three innovative nuclear icebreakers by 2020.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016