Pyanda (Penda), Panteley Demidovich (The Last Decade of the Sixteenth Century – The First Half of the Seventeenth Century)
Pyanda (Penda), Panteley Demidovich (the last decade of the sixteenth century – the first half of the seventeenth century) – a Russian explorer and one of the discoverers of Eastern Siberia. It is a pomor from the Pyanda River. In 1618, on board of a koch boat, he reached the city of Mangazeya by sea. In 1619, he visited the Norilsk mountains, where he mined a certain amount of silver mined and had the opportunity to organize a campaign to “the distant river of Elyuena” (Lena) for the purchase of furs. From Mangazeya with a detachment of 40 “hired guns,” he went to Turukhansk and built several mining plows. In summer of 1620, the expedition began sailing up the Lower Tunguska. In the spring of 1623, they reached the Chechuysky portage, where the Lower Tunguska comes to the Lena by 20 km. Having carried the ships on skids, P., after an ice drift, sailed down the Lena, most likely to the bend where the river changes its direction from east to north. The expedition did not dare to spend the winter among the Yakuts not yet known to Russians and went back. Intending to scout out a new path, P. went up the Lena in light vessels approximately up to 54°N. Having left the boats, the expedition proceeded westward across the steppes inhabited by Brats (Buryat) herdsmen to the big river (Angara) flowing north. They sailed by the river on karbasses to the mouth of the Angara and arrived in Yeniseysk before the approach of 1624. For 3.5 years, P. covered by unknown river routes around 8,000 km sailed 2,300 km up and down the Lower Tunguska, observed the stream of the Lena he discovered for 2,400 km, was the first one to drift by the Angara, having examined 1,400 km of its course, and proved that the Lena and the Upper Tunguska are the same river. There is no information about P. in the next years after the expedition. There is only a brief mention of his visit to Yakutsk in 1643.