The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Pushkareva Island

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_418

Pushkareva Island – an island in the East Siberian Sea as part of the Medvezhiy Islands, the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russia. It is located 70 km northeast of the mainland. P.I. is the northernmost island of the group. Twenty seven kilometers to the west of it is Krestovsky Island. It is the fourth largest island of the group, 7.5 km long, and up to 2.7 km wide. Its shape elongated from north to south with a narrow long peninsula in the southeastern part. The shores are steep, up to 17 m in the north, sloping to the embayed coast. On the island, there are three hills. On one of them there is the beacon “Fire Pushkarev.” From the central hills to the east coast runs a small swampy branching creek. Around the island, there are rare stone scatterings. There are no animals other than mice here, though other animals from the mainland come here sometimes through Krestovsky Island.

The island was discovered back in 1710 by Cossack Yakov Permyakov. It was mapped in 1769 by Ensigns of Geodesy Ivan Leontiev, Ivan Lysov, and Alexey Pushkarev. The island is named in honor of the latter in 1912 by members of the Hydrographic Expedition of the Arctic Ocean on the icebreakers “Taymyr” and “Vaigach.”

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016