Principles of the State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic Region for the Period Till 2020 and Beyond
Principles of the State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic Region for the Period Till 2020 and Beyond – approved by the President of the Russian Federation on September 18, 2008. The principles outline the main objectives, main tasks, strategic priorities, and mechanisms for implementation of the policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic, as well as a system of measures of strategic planning of socioeconomic development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and ensuring the national security of Russia. The document indicates that the national interests of Russia in the Arctic provide for the use of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation as a strategic resource base of the country; the preservation of the Arctic as a zone of peace and cooperation, saving its unique ecological systems; and the use of the Northern Sea Route as a national unified transport communications of Russia in the Arctic. Among the strategic priorities of the state policy in the Arctic are the strengthening of bilateral and regional organizations within the Arctic Council and the Barents/Euro-Arctic Council, delimitation of the area of the Arctic Ocean, and ensuring mutually beneficial presence of Russia on the Spitsbergen Archipelago. Among the main tasks, which solution will help achieve the main goals of the state policy in the Arctic, there is a development of new types of engineering of equipment and technologies for the development of marine mineral deposits and water resources in the Arctic. In the sphere of military security, defense, and protection of the state border of the Russian Federation, which runs within the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, the policy provides for increased state control of fishing activities in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. The implementation of the goals and objectives is divided into three stages: (1) the first stage (2008–2010), when, in particular, geological, geographical, hydrographic, cartographic, and other works should be carried out for the preparation of materials to substantiate the outer boundary of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and increase opportunities for international cooperation, including the effective management of natural resources in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation; (2) the second stage (2011–2015), when international legal formalization of the external border of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation should be provided and on this basis the registration of particular Russia’s rights for production and transportation of energy resources, the creation and development of infrastructure, and a management system for the Northern Sea Route communications in order to implement tasks of ensuring the Eurasian transit; and (3) the third stage (2016–2020), when the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation should be transformed into the key strategic resource base of the Russian Federation.