The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Plenisner, Fedor (Friedrich) Khristianovich (?–1778)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_400

Plenisner, Fedor (Friedrich) Khristianovich (?–1778) – a Russian traveler, colonel, member of the Second Kamchatka (Great Northern) Expedition, and a researcher of the Northeast Asia. He was born in Courland. From 1730 to 1735, he served in the Life Guards Cavalry in the rank of corporal. In 1737, he was sent to the port of Okhotsk, where in 1738 he was appointed as a subofficer to the expedition of Vitus Bering (taken as a “painter”). In 1741 at the packet boat “St. Peter,” P. sailed to the northwest coast of America and spent the winter on Bering Island. Then he came to the conclusion that many thousands of years ago, a great isthmus connected the old and new continents. P. assumption was supported by many Russian scientists and travelers. In 1742 he returned to Kamchatka. During the expedition, he made sketches of the coast from Okhotsk to Petropavlovsk and the Gulf of Alaska and portrayed marine animals and fish. In 1742–1753, P. served in St. Petersburg. In 1753, he became a...

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