The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

October Revolution Island

Reference work entry

October Revolution Island – the largest and central in the archipelago of Severnaya Zemlya and Taymyr (Dolgan-Nenets Autonomous District), Russia. Its eastern shores are washed by the Laptev Sea and the northern, western, and southern shores by the Kara Sea. The area is about 14,100 km2; the height is up to 965 m. It is separated from the Island of Bolshevik by Shokalsky Strait (the width of 20–38 km) and from the islands of Komsomolets and Pioneer by the Red Army Strait (the width of 3–18 km). The island is slightly elongated from northwest to southeast with a length of 170 km and a width of up to 130 km. There are many large bays, but the biggest is the fjord Matusevich. The largest peninsulas are Gusinyi, Zhyloy, and Parizhskoy Kommunny (Paris Commune).

The relief is classified as plateau – like with a lot of high plains. The coast is uneven, rugged by bays and headlands. The coast of the island is mostly flat; cliffs that are up to 20 m high are found in areas where Rusanov and...

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016