The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

“Arctic Ocean”

Reference work entry
“Arctic Ocean” – one of six volumes of the “Atlas of the Oceans” and a fundamental scientific and cartographic work published in 1980. The volume containing maps and brief explanatory texts is divided into following chapters: history of the ocean exploration, its floor and shores, climate, hydrology (hydrophysics), hydrochemistry, biogeography, reference materials, and navigation-geographic materials. The chapters contain maps of the most important navigations and expeditions, ocean floor geography, morphometric data, data on earthquakes and volcanoes, geomorphology, bottom sediments, heat balance of waters, air temperature, atmospheric circulation, visibility, atmospheric fronts and climatic zones, temperature, salinity, water density, sound velocity, surface and deep water currents, fluctuations of surface, waves, tides, chemical elements, distribution of life forms, etc. In total, 184 maps are available.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016