Marine Doctrine of the Russian Federation for the Period Until 2020 (Arctic Regional Direction)
Marine Doctrine of the Russian Federation for the period until 2020 (Arctic Regional Direction) – approved by the President of the Russian Federation on July 27, 2001; it is a founding document that defines the state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of maritime activities – national marine policy of the Russian Federation. The Arctic region direction is defined as one of the major regional priorities of the national marine policy of the Russian Federation. The national marine policy in the Arctic regional direction is determined by the particular importance of ensuring the free exit of the Russian fleet in the Atlantic, the riches of the exclusive economic zone and continental shelf of the Russian Federation, the decisive role of the Northern Fleet for the defense of the state from seas and oceans, as well as the growing importance of the Northern Sea Route for sustainable development of the Russian Federation.
The basis of the national marine policy in this direction is the creation of conditions for the activities of the Russian fleet in the Arctic seas, on the Northern Sea Route, as well as in the northern part of the Atlantic. At the same time, the following long-term objectives will be achieved: research and development of the Arctic with a focus on the development of import industries and priority solution of social problems; protection of the interests of the Russian Federation in the Arctic; the creation of ice-class vessels for maritime transport, specialized vessels for fishing, and scientific and other specialized fleets; taking into account the defense interests of the state in the exploration and development of biological resources and mineral resources in the exclusive economic zone and continental shelf of the Russian Federation; creation of conditions, including the involvement of the capabilities of the region; for developing bases and using the marine potential, ensuring the protection of sovereignty, sovereign and international rights of the Russian Federation in the Arctic region; restriction of foreign naval activities in agreed areas and zones on the basis of bilateral and multilateral relations with the leading naval powers; defending the national interests of the Russian Federation in respect of the Northern Sea Route, ensuring centralized state management of the transport system, icebreaker servicing, and providing equal access to interested transport service providers, including foreign ones; upgrade and safe operation of nuclear icebreaker fleet; safeguarding the interests of the Russian Federation during the delimitation of maritime areas and the seabed of the Arctic Ocean with the Arctic states; and consolidation of efforts and resources of the federal center and the constituent entities of the Russian Federation for the development of Arctic shipping and sea and river estuary ports and implementation of the Northern deliveries of goods and cargoes, as well as developing information systems ensuring the specified activity.