The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

“Malygin”

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_321

“Malygin” – an icebreaking steamer, former Canadian icebreaker “Bruce,” purchased by Russia in 1915 on Newfoundland from the Hudson Bay Company and then renamed as “Solovey Budimirovich” in honor of the epic hero. The steamer was built in England in 1912. The length is 79.8 m, the width is 14.2 m, and the displacement is 3,200 tons. The mechanism power is 3,000 hp; the speed is 12 knots. In 1917, it was part of the fleet of the Arctic Ocean. It worked in the north. In 1920, the ship was included in the White Sea Flotilla. In January 1920, it came out with passengers from Arkhangelsk to Indiga along the Pechora Sea coast and was trapped by ice, carried out to the Kara Sea, and drifted northward. On June 19, 1920, at latitude 72°36′N, it was met by the icebreakers “Svyatogor” and “Canada” (later “Fyodor Litke”). One hundred fifty people of the crew and passengers were rescued on the steamer. In 1921, the icebreaker was renamed as “Malygin” in honor of the Russian polar explorer Captain-Commander S.G. Malygin.

In 1921, “Malygin” participated in the Plavmornin expedition, in 1928 took part in the rescue of the expedition of U. Nobile, and in 1931 participated in a scientific expedition to Franz Josef Land, finding out that the archipelago of Alfred Garisworth shown on maps did not really exist. On Hooker Island, “Malygin” met with the airship “Graf Zeppelin.” “Malygin” twice sailed to the Franz Josef Land and reached 82°28′N (north of Rudolph Island), setting a world record of free navigation in ice. In 1932, the expedition of “Malygin” founded the world’s northernmost polar station of Rudolph Island within the Second International Polar Year activities. At the end of 1932, “Malygin” took the ground near Spitsbergen and was rescued by the crews of the icebreaker “Lenin” and a rescue tugboat “Ruslan.” In October 1937, it was trapped by a drifting ice in the Laptev Sea, from which it got free in late August 1938 with the help of the icebreaker “Ermak.” In 1940, during a hurricane off the coast of Kamchatka, “Malygin” went missing with all the crew and members of the hydrographic expedition, 98 people in all. “Malygin” made a significant contribution to the development of the Arctic and the Northern Sea Route. It was one of the first ships which opened the era of Arctic tourism in 1931.

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