The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Malyi (Small) Lyakhovskiy

Reference work entry

Malyi (Small) Lyakhovskiy – the island is part of the Lyakhovskiy Islands of the southern group of islands in the archipelago of New Siberian Islands, located to the north of Bolshoy (big) Lyakhovskiy Island. They are separated by Eterikan Strait about 14 km wide. The length of the island is about 42 km, the width is 28 km, and the total area is 1,325 km2. To the north of it, there is Kotelny Island, separated from Malyi Lyakhovskiy by Sannikov Strait 55 km wide. To the west, at 118 km, there is Stolbovoy Island. The surface of the island is flat; there are Tinkir-Kyuel lakes on it and about ten rivers. The island is formed by a volcanic eruption. In 2012, a mammoth with unfrozen blood was found there. The island was first observed in 1712 by Cossack M. Vagin. It was named after the Russian explorer, merchant, and industrialist from Yakutsk, Ivan Lyakhov, who discovered the islands in 1770, and for its small size named Malyi (small). At the end of the eighteenth century, by decree of Catherine II, the island on which I. Lyakhov hunted foxes and searched for mammoth ivory was given the name of Lyakhovskiy.

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