The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Arctic Environment Protection Strategy (AEPS)

Reference work entry

Arctic Environment Protection Strategy (AEPS) – a strategy adopted in 1991 by governments of eight countries, which have territories adjacent to the Pole (Finland, Canada, Denmark/Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, the United States) in Rovaniemi, Finland. Its purposes, as stated in the Rovaniemi Declaration, are as follows: protection of Arctic ecosystems, including people; protection, improvement, and rehabilitation of the environment and sustainable exploitation of nature reserves, including by local people and indigenous peoples of the Arctic Region; acceptance of traditional and cultural needs, values, and way of life of indigenous peoples, as they see it, trying, to the extent possible, to reconcile them with the necessity to protect the Arctic nature; regular review of the state of the Arctic environment; and finding, decreasing, and eventually elimination of pollution. In 1996 the Arctic states established the Arctic Council basing on this strategy.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016