The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Largha Seal or Spotted Seal (Phoca largha)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_296
Largha Seal or Spotted Seal (Phoca largha) – a marine mammal of the family of seals (Phocidae); a species closely related to the common seal having a similar appearance. It lives in the North Pacific from Alaska to Japan and the Far East coast of Russia. Its coloring is bright gray studded with brown spots that gave it its name. Males reach a length of 1.7 m and females 1.6 m. The weight is 60–150 kg. The seal reaches sexual maturity at the age of 3–4 years. It stays in coastal areas stay in coastal areas, willingly going ashore. During mating they crawl out of water on the ice, where from February to March they deliver calves. The female usually delivers one calf (length of 75–80 cm, weight up to 7 kg). It feeds on fish and small crabs and octopuses. Outside the mating season, they travel for long distances and reach latitudes located far to the south. The population of spotted seals is estimated to be more than 200,000. L.S. is a commercial stock for the local population. Some individuals can reach the eastern part of the Laptev Sea.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016