The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Institute of the Biological Problems of the North, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IBPN FEB RAS)

Reference work entry

Institute of the Biological Problems of the North, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IBPN FEB RAS) – was formed in Magadan in January 1972, on the basis of the Department of Biological Problems under the Northeast Comprehensive Research Institute, established in 1968. IBPN scientific research envelope explores functioning and organization principles of northern populations, communities, and ecosystems; studies adaptive strategies of biosystems at different levels in the North; develops scientific basis for conservation, renewal, and management of biological resources of the North; investigates the set of problems in biogeography and ecology of the Beringia sector of the Arctic and Subarctic regions. The institute has as many as 20 divisions: laboratories of mammal ecology, helminth ecology, ornithology, biocenology, ichthyology, hydrobiology, seashore ecology and resources, vegetation structure, soil science, human genetics, population genetics, herbarium team, demographic studies, and electron microscopy. The institute coordinates the research of the North’s biological resources. It held and participated in many all-union and all-Russian symposiums and conferences. IBPN maintains constructive contacts with research institutions and higher education establishments in Russia, as well as academic institutions and scholars abroad: Canada, Finland, Bulgaria, Poland, Japan, and the USA. Most of the institute’s laboratories are involved in Beringia Heritage project with Beringia International Park being organized as a part of it. The institute was given the lead part to execute the “Impact of Human Activity on Tundra Ecosystems” project of the UNESCO “Man and the Biosphere Programme.” IBPN is engaged in the implementation of convention between the USA, Japan, and Russia for observation and protection of migratory birds and their habitat. Mammal ecology lab carries out cooperative project “Taxonomy and Zoogeography of Mammals in Beringia” with scientists from the museum of the University of Alaska.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016