The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Inchoun

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_215

Inchoun – a settlement situated to the north of Cape Dezhnev on the shores of the Chukchi Sea, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia. It is located at the foot of the sandbar that separates a lagoon of the same name from the sea on the east. The coast is shingly by the settlement and changes to sandy at the bar ridge. Fresh breeze plunges such a swash that some waves roll over the sandbar into the lagoon. Population is around 400 inhabitants, mostly natives. From the east skirt of the modern locality toward the Inchoun cliff, there is an ancient village and burial ground of Eskimo antecedents partially examined by archeologists. Inchoun is a typical national settlement with single-story buildings where mostly sea hunters that cherish traditions and habits of their forefathers reside. Off the settlement, on Uten Cape (utak is an Eskimo word meaning “wait”), the largest walrus rookery in Chukotka is placed. It is not surprising that the Eskimos settled down here as long as 3,000 years ago, the ancient village on the western head of the Cape being witness to that.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016