The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Ilyin, Petr Ivanovich (1796–1842)

Reference work entry

Ilyin, Petr Ivanovich (1796–1842) – lieutenant colonel of Russian Fleet Navigator Corps (FNC) and explorer of northeastern Siberian shores and Pacific coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula. At the age of 13, he entered the Okhotsk crew as a shipboy and has been studying in the Okhotsk Navigation School from 1809 till 1811. In 1811–1813, he sailed the sloop “Diana” from Okhotsk to the shores of Japan and back. In 1814, being promoted to apprentice navigator, Class 1, he went to St. Petersburg via Siberia. In 1815, he continued his studies in the Kronstadt Navigation School; then, he sailed the frigate “Merkuriy” in the North Sea and the English Channel for 2 years. In 1817–1819, he circumnavigated the world as a noncommissioned assistant navigator of the sloop “Kamchatka” and had his part in positioning the islands of Aleutian Ridge and the survey of Chignik Bay (Kodiak Bay). From 1820 to 1824, he was out on the Ustyansk Expedition. He surveyed the shores of the Arctic Ocean from the mouth of the Yana River to the embouchure of the Olenyok River, found wintering vestiges of V. V. Pronchishchev and N. P. Shalaurov, and plotted the first precise map of the explored coast. He was awarded the rank of navigator, Class 12. From 1825 through 1826, he was employed by the Drawing Office in Admiralty Department. In 1827, he was raised to navigator, Class 9, and sent to Kamchatka and then reclassified to FNC staff captain. In 1830–1831, traveling in Baidara, he surveyed Avacha Bay and the eastern coast of the peninsula from Avacha Bay to Cape Shipunskiy and determined the latitude of Cape Lopatka. From 1831 – private inspector of the Okhotsk Fleet Navigators – he was the head of the Okhotsk Navigation School. In 1836, he was advanced to FNC lieutenant colonel.

A bay in Alexander Archipelago (coast of Northwest America) was named after I.’s first name.

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