The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Hydrographical Expedition of the Arctic Ocean (1898–1915)

Reference work entry

Hydrographical Expedition of the Arctic Ocean (1898–1915) – the purpose of the expedition was to secure the future of the Arctic navigation. In 1898 it was formed on the basis of a special hydrographical expedition under the command of Russian lieutenant colonel of the Corps of Fleet Navigators A.I. Vilkitsky. The expedition conducted research in the Barents, Kara, and White seas under the control of A.I. Vilkitsky (1898–1901), A.I. Varnek (1902), and F.K. Drizhenko (1903–1904). In the period from 1898 to 1910, the expedition had a lot of things done: surveys of the Gulf of Ob and the Yenisei Gulf based on the astronomical positions; studies of the fairway in the Pecherskaya Guba and surveys of its southeastern shore; measurements in the Kara Strait and the Yugorsky Strait and surveys of the Yugorsky Strait shores; marine survey of the western and the eastern shores of Vaygach Island and its northern shore as well as the measurements and the marine surveys of the northern part of the...

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016