The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Dmitry Laptev Strait

Reference work entry
Dmitry Laptev Strait – is situated in the Arctic Ocean, separates Bolshoy Lyakhovsky Island (the New Siberian Islands group) from the northern shore of an Asian continent, the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia. It connects the Laptev Sea with the East Siberian Sea. Its length is 115 km, width is 50–63 km, and depth is 10–14 m. The shores of the strait are almost parallel and cliffy. Most of the year, the strait is covered with ice. Fluctuation of up- and downsurges amounts to 2.5 m. It was named after D.Y. Laptev, who discovered the strait in 1740. It is often considered a part of the Laptev Sea. Up to the beginning of the nineteenth century, there was an island in the strait, Diomede Island, which was formed from soil and ice, after the melt-out of which the island turned into a shoal.
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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016