The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Chukchi Sea, Names

Reference work entry

Chukchi Sea, Names – until 1933–1935 the Chukchi Sea included the East Siberian Sea, which has been separated from it and gained its own status as a sea after the works of G.E. Ratmanov (1932–1933) and the research on the icebreaker “Krasin” (1935). In 1928, the Norwegian scientist Prof. H. Sverdrup, analyzing the observations made by the Norwegian expedition on the ship “Maud,” came to the conclusion that the sea that lies between the New Siberian Islands and Wrangel Island in its physical and geographical conditions differs greatly from the sea between the Wrangel Island and Alaska. Therefore, the uniting of the Chukchi Sea and the East Siberian Sea under a single name of the East Siberian Sea, as it was named by the Imperial Russian Geographical Society at the beginning of the twentieth century at the suggestion of Prof. Yu.M. Shokalskiy, seemed wrong to him. Sverdrup shared his thoughts with Soviet scientists V.Yu. Vize and suggested naming the sea from Wrangel Island to Alaska “the Dezhnev Sea.” However, according to Vize, it was correct to call it “the Chukchi Sea” after the people inhabiting the Chukchi Peninsula. The official name was confirmed on June 27, 1935, by the Decree of the USSR Central Executive Committee.

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