The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Anabar

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_13
Anabar – a river in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia. Its length is 939 km, and the basin area is 100,000 km2. Average runoff of water is 610 m3/s. The Anabar originates on the Anabar Plateau and flows along a valley with steep shores into the Laptev Sea. In the lower reaches where the Anabar cuts across the North Siberian Lowland, the valley expands. At the mouth in the Laptev Sea the river forms a cone-shaped shallow estuary with numerous shoals (Anabarskaya Guba). The estuary is rich in fish (vendace, Arctic cisco). Russian industrialists and noblemen reached the Anabar in the 1640s. In 1643 the first Russian person to discover the river became a construction foreman Vasiliy Sychov, one of the streltsy. His unit was sent to the east of Khatanga by a Mangaseian voivode Ukhtomskiy to consolidate “the new lands” by the Tsar’s authority. The mouth of the Anabar from the sea was discovered in 1648 by a Mangaseian unit under the command of Yakov Semenov who performed his first recorded sea voyage from the mouth of the Kheta River to the river Anabar. The research work at the Anabar was initiated in 1735–1740 by the Lensko-Khatangskiy group of the Great Northern Expedition under the command of lieutenant V. V. Pronchishchev and, after his death, of Kh.P. Laptev. The first instrumental survey was performed in 1898 by a participant of the expedition of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1893–1894) lieutenant E. I. Shileyko.

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