The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Chekin, Nikifor (?–?)

Reference work entry

Chekin, Nikifor (?–?) – a land surveyor, participant of the Great Northern Expedition, and explorer of the Taymyr Peninsula. In 1736, as part of the group led by V. Pronchishchev, he explored the lower reaches of the Anabar River in a small yalbote. Since 1739, he worked under the command of Kh.P. Laptev. On board the double boat “Yakutsk,” he participated in the discovery and mapping of the bay of Noordwijk and the Preobrazheniya Island at the exit of the Khatanga Bay. In winter 1739–1740, together with Kh.P. Laptev and S.I. Chelyuskin, he created a brief “description of the sea shores, of rivers, and bays of the North Sea, beginning from the Lena River,” which contains valuable information on the Taymyr Peninsula.

In spring of 1740, he traveled from the lower reaches of the Khatanga River to Lake Taymyr by two dog sleds and then went along the Taymyr River toward its mouth, finally proving that the river flows into the Kara Sea. He also mapped about 100 km of the sea coast west of the mouth of the Taymyr River. In 1741, he mapped the eastern coast of the Taymyr Peninsula from the mouth of the Khatanga River to the latitude of the Saint Peter Islands, then, together with a team of explorers, he traveled to Turukhansk. During the years 1754–1757, he worked in the Nerchinsk expedition led by F.I. Soymonov.

A bay and a cape in Novaya Zemlya are named after him, as well as a cape in the Vilkitsky Strait of the Kara Sea.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016