The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Capelin (Mallotus villosus)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_115
Capelin (Mallotus villosus) – a small forage fish of the smelt family. The body length is 22 cm and the fishing weight is 12–17 g. Capelin is a schooling pelagic fish and it feeds on planktonic crustaceans. C. spawns on the second or third year of life. Spawning occurs in spring and summer in the coastal zone at a depth of 50–100 m, at temperature +2–4 °C. It lays eggs in shallow water; eggs are small, are benthic, and are attached to the substrate. The incubation period is 2–3 weeks. C. is a rapidly growing fish. In summers, C. fattens away from the coast in the bottom layers of water. It feeds on crustaceans. C. is the food for many commercial fish, especially during its mass spawning runs to the coast. C. is a commercial fish.

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