The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Cape Schmidt

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_113
  1. 1.

    A cape (formerly Severnyi), located in the northeast of Asia, which juts out into the Chukchi Sea, Russia. It is the northernmost point of the peninsula about 2 km in width, located between the Zapadnaya (Western) and Vostochnaya (Eastern) bays and projected to the north of the general direction of the coast for about 3 km. It was first mentioned and mapped in 1871 by I.I. Billings during his overland passage from Mechigmen Bay to Chaun Bay and the river of Big Anyuy. A polar station was opened in 1936. In 1929, the Soviet ship “Stavropol” and the American fishing schooner “Nanook” wintered at this Cape. Two US aircraft took furs from “Nanook” by permission of the Soviet government, and, during the second flight, one of the planes crashed in the area of the river of Amguema.

    The Cape was named in 1935 in honor of the great Russian explorer of the Arctic, prominent public figure, and scientist Otto Schmidt.

     
  2. 2.

    A village in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia. Until 2008, it was the administrative center of Shmidtovsky District of Chukotka. Since 2009 it is part of Iultinsky District of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia. The village is located on the coast of the Chukchi Sea 650 km north of Anadyr and associated with air traffic. It was named for the eponymous Cape Schmidt, with a population of 166 (2015). It was founded in 1931 as a base of Arctic exploration, and in 1936 – as a polar station. Later, in the vicinity of the village, tin and gold mining began. The status of an urban-type settlement was received in 1962. Due to the termination of mining activities, the population of the town reduced for the past 25 years by 30 times. There were industrial enterprises of local importance, including the ionospheric station, the floating power station “Northern Light,” and the airport. The village is linked by a motor road with the village of Ryrkaypy, located on the western shore of the bay. The village has regular aircraft communication with other Russian airports.

     
  3. 3.

    A seaport located in the Vostochnaya (Eastern) Bay near the village of Cape Schmidt. The port station of Ryveem is also part of the port.

     

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