The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Cape Chelyuskin

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_108

Cape Chelyuskin – the northernmost cape in Russia and Eurasia, the northern end of the Taymyr Peninsula. It is situated in Taymyr Autonomous District (Dolgan-Nenets Autonomous Okrug), Russia. The cape is washed by the Vilkitsky Strait. C. is the boundary point between the Kara Sea and the Laptev Sea. The depth of the waters off the cape is up to 10 m. The coast is steep, with the height less than 10 m. Since 1932 there exists a polar hydrometeorological station “Chelyuskin,” which currently operates as a radio-meteorological center. The northernmost airport is located here, but only a helipad remains functional. The cape was discovered and was first described in 1724 by navigator Semyon Chelyuskin, a participant of the Great Northern Expedition of 1733–1743, during the mapping of the coast of the Taymyr Peninsula and named Cape Northeast. In 1878, the cape was visited by the Swedish polar explorer Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, and in 1893, it was for the first time circumnavigated by the Norwegian polar explorer Fridtjof Nansen.

In 1842, at the suggestion of the academician A.F. Middendorf, the cape was named after its discoverer, Semyon Chelyuskin. In 1919, by an expedition to the cape led by R. Amundsen, a copper sphere was installed, with the words in Norwegian: “To the conquerors of the NO pass – Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld and his companions. The “Maud” Expedition of 1918–1919.”

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