Reference work entry
Canoe (Carib. kenu “dugout boat”) – a boat of North American Indians covered by birch or elm bark on the frame of up to 15 stringers and approximately 50 ribs made from small slats as thick as 10 mm. Pieces of stem and covering were sewn on to the gunwale with spruce roots, boat seams being caulked. Men propel canoe with single-ended paddles either sitting on the thwart or standing on one knee with their faces front, in the direction of the travel. Being the only means of transport for two centuries, the C. was of a great importance for colonization of the North American continent. At present, canoeing, i.e., traveling C. over lakes and rivers, is a widespread sport in Alaska.
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