The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Buza, Yelisei Yuryevich (?–?)

Reference work entry

Buza, Yelisei Yuryevich (?–?) – a pathfinder and Arctic mariner, Cossack foreman, one of the discoverers of East Siberia. In 1631–1633 he took part in the construction of Yakutsk settlement (Ostrog). The information about his independent travels is quite contradictory. One version is that in the summer of 1637 he set off by sea from the mouth of the Lena westward to the Olenyok River, traveled up the river in a Koch boat for 500 km, and stayed there for the winter. In the spring of 1638, he went along the Molodo River (the Lena Water Basin) on reindeers, discovered the Lena-Olenyok Ridge, and in the summer of 1638 reached the sea via the Lena and then the Yana mouth, up which he went repeating the route of I. Perfilyev. In 1639 in a Koch boat, he went down the Yana to the sea and traveling eastward as far as longitude 138°E discovered Chaun Bay and the rivers Yarok and Chondon, lying nearby. For 2 years (1640–1641), he collected the tribute in furs from the Yukagir in the basins of the Chondon and Khroma and continued the Yana-Indigirka Lowland discovery, started by I. Perfilyev, and in 1642 went back to Yakutsk.

Another version says that in the summer of 1637 he set off from the Lena mouth eastward and reached the mouth of the Omoloy River, discovered by him. Here because of the cold, he left his Koch boat, went up the river in a sledge, traversed the Kular Range, discovered by him, and in the autumn reached the Upper Yana where he stayed for the winter. In the summer of 1638, he discovered Chondon Bay, Yarok Island, and the Chondon River, where he lived till the summer of 1642. In 1644 he brought the tribute collected by him to Moscow. His further fate is unknown. For some time, Buzin Island (now Yarok) and Buzina Bay (now Chondon) were named after him. The right tributary of the Lower Lena is still named in his honor.

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