Skip to main content

Data Acquisition, Automation

  • 73 Accesses


Automatic information extraction; Image analysis; Photogrammetry; Scene analysis


Automatic data acquisition is the extraction of information from images, relevant for a given application, by means of a computer. Photogrammetric image processing is divided into two aspects, i.e., the geometric/radiometric image evaluation and image analysis. Geometric/radiometric image evaluation comprises image orientation, the derivation of geometric surface descriptions and orthoprojection. Image analysis contains the extraction and description of three-dimensional (3D) objects. A strict separation of both areas is possible neither for manual nor for automatic photogrammetric image processing.

Historical Background

In the past, geometric/radiometric image evaluation and image analysis were two clearly separated steps in the photogrammetric processing chain. Using analogue imagery, automationwas understood as a supporting measure for a human operator, e.g., by driving the cursor...


  • Aerial Triangulation
  • Digital Image Matching
  • Alternative Linear Methods
  • Digital Surface Model (DSM)
  • Direct Sensor Orientation

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Data Acquisition, Automation, Fig. 1


  • Baltsavias E (2004) Object extraction and revision by image analysis using existing geodata and knowledge: current status and steps towards operational systems. ISPRS J Photogramm Remote Sens 58:129–151

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gerke M, Butenuth M, Heipke C, Willrich F (2004) Graphsupported verification of road databases. ISPRS J Photogramm Remote Sens 58:152–165

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gülch E, Müller H (2001) New application of semiautomatic building acquisition. In: Baltsavias E, Grün A, van Gool L (eds) Automatic extraction of man-made objects from aerial and space images (III). Balkema, Lisse, pp 103–114

    Google Scholar 

  • Hartley R, Zisserman A (2000) Multiple view geometry in computer vision. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  • Rosenfeld A (1982) Computer image analysis: an emerging technology in the service of society. Computer science technical report TR-1177, MCS-79-23422, University of Maryland

    Google Scholar 

  • Schwarz K-P, Chapman ME, Cannon E, Gong P (1993) An integrated INS/GPS approach to the georeferencing of remotely sensed data. Photogramm Eng Remote Sens 59:1667–1674

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this entry

Cite this entry

Heipke, C. (2016). Data Acquisition, Automation. In: Shekhar, S., Xiong, H., Zhou, X. (eds) Encyclopedia of GIS. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-23519-6

  • eBook Packages: Springer Reference Computer SciencesReference Module Computer Science and Engineering