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OpenStreetMap

Definition

OpenStreetMap (http://www.openstreetmap.org) is a community-driven “project that creates and distributes free geographic data of the world” (OpenStreetMap, 2015e).

Historical Background

Often referred to as the Wikipedia of maps, OpenStreetMap was started as an alternative to the high-quality, but expensive, government datasets provided by the Ordnance Survey in the UK. Steve Coast, a physics student at the University College London at that time, first introduced the idea of a free street map based on GPS tracks provided by volunteers in 2004 (Gyford, 2004). The idea was quickly adopted by a growing international community. In summer 2006, the OpenStreetMap Foundation was registered as a legal entity responsible for the OpenStreetMap server infrastructure, fund raising, and potential liability issues. The first slippy map – an interactive web map that can be freely zoomed and panned – was generated from OpenStreetMap data in November 2006. An agreement with Yahoo! in...

Keywords

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    This review of the history of OpenStreetMap is based on the corresponding OpenStreetMap wiki page and the sources linked therein (OpenStreetMap, 2015b).

  2. 2.

    https://www.mapbox.com

  3. 3.

    http://stamen.com

  4. 4.

    https://cartodb.com

  5. 5.

    http://ideditor.com

  6. 6.

    http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Potlatch_2

  7. 7.

    https://josm.openstreetmap.de

  8. 8.

    http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Osmosis

  9. 9.

    https://github.com/openstreetmap/osm2pgsql

  10. 10.

    http://postgis.net

  11. 11.

    http://mapnik.org

  12. 12.

    https://github.com/mapbox/carto

  13. 13.

    http://leafletjs.com

  14. 14.

    https://www.mapbox.com/mapbox-studio/

  15. 15.

    http://openlayers.org

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Correspondence to Carsten Keßler .

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Keßler, C. (2015). OpenStreetMap. In: Shekhar, S., Xiong, H., Zhou, X. (eds) Encyclopedia of GIS. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23519-6_1654-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23519-6_1654-1

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