Encyclopedia of GIS

Living Edition
| Editors: Shashi Shekhar, Hui Xiong, Xun Zhou

Reference Frames

  • Thora Tenbrink
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23519-6_1538-1

Synonyms

Definition

Humans conceptualize an entity’s spatial location in terms of qualitative relation to other entities, rather than metric coordinates. This has wide-ranging implications across fields in cognitive science and has led to the identification of a set of concepts called frame of reference (henceforth FoR). FoRs allow a systematic schematization of space by relating a to-be-located entity (including the self) to its environment (typically another entity) on the basis of qualitative direction concepts such as left, north, or point-of-view from above or from the self. Psychological research in particular distinguishes most centrally between allocentric (ego-independent) and egocentric (viewer-based) FoRs (Klatzky, 1998). In language, terms expressing directiongenerally require a FoR due to the variability of concepts that can provide a basis for establishing a directional relation between entities. Research in this...

Keywords

Spatial Direction View Direction Directional System Metaphorical Concept Conceptual Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bangor UniversityGwyneddUK