The division of the workforce into distinct categories that (a) have a perceived commonality within a given cultural or national context and that (b) impact potentially harmful or beneficial employment outcomes such as job opportunities, treatment in the workplace, and promotion prospects – irrespective of job-related skills and qualifications (Mor Barak 2014, p. 136).
Organizations have become more diverse over the past decades, among others, due to globalization and women entering the labor force. The increasing reliance on teamwork and loosening of hierarchical boundaries have further created an increase in the extent to which individuals who differ from each other work together. Another main impetus for diversity in organizations was the Civil Rights Act of 1964 in the USA, which prohibited all employment practices that discriminated on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin (age and disability were...
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