Encyclopedia of Business and Professional Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Deborah C Poff, Alex C. Michalos

The Ethical Responsibility of Orchestras in Contemporary (Multicultural) Societies

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23514-1_351-1


Symphony orchestras in liberal democratic, multicultural countries face a specific set of ethical challenges in the early part of the twenty-first century, due to domestic and international imperatives related to the importance of diversity and inclusion, and to the protecting of Indigenous cultures.

In order to contextualize these challenges, it is helpful to consider the origins and evolution of the symphony orchestra as a vessel of European aurality and aesthetics that can now be found in many parts of the world.

History of the Symphony Orchestra

The Western symphony originated in Europe. The term “symphony,” when used alone, can refer either to the musical ensemble (characterized by a sizeable number of instrumentalists, of which those playing Western bowed string instruments — violins, violas, and cellos—form the core) or to a specific form of musical composition written for the symphony orchestra. Early symphonic music appeared in the sixteenth and seventeenth...

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References/Additional Readings

  1. Attariwala P (2013) Eh 440: Tuning into the Effects of Official Multiculturalism on Publicly Funded Music in Canada. Dissertation, University of TorontoGoogle Scholar
  2. Ramnarine T (ed) (2018) Global perspectives on orchestras: collective creativity and social agency. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  3. Taruskin R (2005) Music from the Earliest Notations to the Sixteenth Century. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  4. Taylor C (1994) Multiculturalism: examining the politics of recognition. Princeton University Press, PrincetonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. United Nations (2008) Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. https://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/documents/DRIPS_en.pdf. Accessed 15 May 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Research in Music and CommunityBrandon University School of MusicBrandonCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • T. Patrick Carrabré
    • 1
  1. 1.School of MusicBrandon UniversityBrandonCanada