Gender and Food Security
Food security is recognized as a social determinant of health contingent upon a regular and consistent supply of foods meeting standard nutritional requirements. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) states that food security “ensures that all people at all times have both physical and economic access to the food they need.” It raises significant ethical issues since: “eating often involves moral decision-making rooted within the context of cultures, traditions and social structures that impact human nutrition and health outcomes in a globalized way” (Fanzo 2015). Food security has traditionally been constructed as gender-blind despite the dominant role played by both women and men in food production, harvesting, and distribution and the significant constraints imposed on women preventing their full participation in these areas.
Historically, a flexible definition...
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