Encyclopedia of Business and Professional Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Deborah C Poff, Alex C. Michalos

Gender and Food Security

  • Joanna Kafarowski
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23514-1_342-1



Food security is recognized as a social determinant of health contingent upon a regular and consistent supply of foods meeting standard nutritional requirements. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) states that food security “ensures that all people at all times have both physical and economic access to the food they need.” It raises significant ethical issues since: “eating often involves moral decision-making rooted within the context of cultures, traditions and social structures that impact human nutrition and health outcomes in a globalized way” (Fanzo 2015). Food security has traditionally been constructed as gender-blind despite the dominant role played by both women and men in food production, harvesting, and distribution and the significant constraints imposed on women preventing their full participation in these areas.


Historically, a flexible definition...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Bisnath S (2011) The right to food, gender equality and economic policy. Center for Women’s Global Leadership, New BrunswickGoogle Scholar
  2. Campbell B, Vermeulen S (2016) Reducing risks to food security from climate change. Glob Food Sec 11:34–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. de Schutter O (2013) Gender development and food security women’s empowerment as a tool against hunger. Asian Development Bank, ManilaGoogle Scholar
  4. Duhaime G (2002) Sustainable food security in the Arctic: state of knowledge. CCI Press, EdmontonGoogle Scholar
  5. Fanzo J (2015) Ethical issues for human nutrition in the context of global food security and sustainable development. Glob Food Sec 7:15–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization (2017) The state of food security and nutrition in the world 2017 building resilience for peace and food security. United Nations, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Njuki J, Parkins JR, Kaler A (2016) Transforming gender and food security in the global south. International Development Research Centre, LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. Verma R (2001) Gender, land and livelihoods in East Africa. International Development Research Centre, OttawaGoogle Scholar
  9. Wheeler T, von Braun J (2013) Climate change impacts on global food security. Science 341(6145):508–513CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Niagara on the LakeCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Joanna Kafarowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Niagara on the LakeCanada