Perceptions of security in the Arctic are complex and multiple. Security is about freedom from worry or care, which can pertain to various actors including individuals, communities, nations, regions, as well as globally. Security “actors” seek to protect and ensure the survival into the future of that which they value most, using practices ranging from cooperative networks to military operations. As such, Arctic security ranges from state protection and military-based security perceptions to environmental security including consequences of climate change and human security concerns for different Arctic communities and populations. Arctic security concerns cannot and should not be understood as separate from broader global politics, trends, and claims to security.
Peace and security in the Arctic is often characterized by the concept of “Arctic exceptionalism,” describing the region as one that experiences “exceptional” peace...
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