Encyclopedia of Business and Professional Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Deborah C Poff, Alex C. Michalos

Values and Ethics with Respect to Lobbying

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23514-1_319-1



In Brussels, particularly since the Lisbon Treaty (2009), the way European institutions are functioning provide many possibilities for interest groups to proceed by lobbying. EU consultations and legislative procedures have increased, allowing inputs from member states, regional authorities, EU agencies, professional bodies, trade unions, citizen-driven organizations, etc. In such context, while there are probably as many definitions of lobbying as there are lobbyists, all definitions should nevertheless refer to the process of influencing decision making. Even though the content and boundaries of the concept remain unclear (Coen 2008), lobbying is a political process which aims to influence public policy and resource-allocation decisions within political, economic, and social systems and institutions. Lobbying is a paid activity with the purpose of influencing decision makers toward a desired action...


Members Of The European Parliament (MEP) Corporate Europe Observatory Lobbying Activities Congress Members Honest Leadership 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Communication studiesUniversité libre de BruxellesBruxellesBelgium
  2. 2.Protocol internationalThe HagueThe Netherlands

Section editors and affiliations

  • Gisèle Yasmeen
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Asian ResearchUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.School of Environment and SustainabilityRoyal Roads UniversityVictoriaCanada