Neutrinos and Their Impact on Core-Collapse Supernova Nucleosynthesis

  • Gabriel Martínez-Pinedo
  • Tobias Fischer
  • Karlheinz Langanke
  • Andreas Lohs
  • Andre Sieverding
  • Meng-Ru Wu
Living reference work entry


Core-collapse supernovae liberate an energy equivalent to the binding energy of the newly formed neutron star by emitting ∼ 1058 neutrinos of all flavors with typical energies of ∼ 10 MeV. These neutrinos are responsible for a matter outflow from the proto-neutron star known as the neutrino-driven wind. The nucleosynthesis in the wind is very sensitive to the proton-to-nucleon ratio that is determined by spectral differences between ν e and \(\bar{\nu }_{e}\). Current simulations taking into account recent progress in the description of high-density neutrino- matter interactions predict very similar spectra for all neutrino flavors. Hence, the ejecta are mainly proton-rich during the whole deleptonization phase and allow for the operation of the ν p-process. As neutrinos travel through the stellar mantle, they can induce spallation reactions with abundant nuclei. This leads to the ν-process that synthesizes11B,19F,138La, and180Ta and enhances the yields of several long-lived radioactive nuclei. During their propagation, neutrinos can suffer flavor oscillations that can also potentially affect the nucleosynthesis in the ejecta.


Burning Entropy Convection Helium Explosive 



This work was partly supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft through contract SFB 1245, and the Helmholtz Association through the Nuclear Astrophysics Virtual Institute (VH-VI-417). TF acknowledges support by the Polish National Science Center (NCN) under grant number UMO-2013/11/D/ST2/02645.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriel Martínez-Pinedo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tobias Fischer
    • 3
  • Karlheinz Langanke
    • 4
    • 5
  • Andreas Lohs
    • 6
  • Andre Sieverding
    • 7
  • Meng-Ru Wu
    • 8
    • 9
  1. 1.Institute for Nuclear Physics (Theory Center)Technische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  2. 2.GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion ResearchDarmstadtGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Theoretical PhysicsUniversity of WrocławWrocławPoland
  4. 4.Institute for Nuclear Physics (Theory Center)Technische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  5. 5.GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion ResearchDarmstadtGermany
  6. 6.Department of PhysicsUniversity of BaselBaselSwitzerland
  7. 7.Institute for Nuclear Physics (Theory Center)Technische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  8. 8.Institute for Nuclear Physics (Theory Center)Technische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany
  9. 9.Niels Bohr International AcademyNiels Bohr InstituteCopenhagenDenmark

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