Travel Writing and Early Modern Experimental Philosophy
- 86 Downloads
This topic explores the relationship between travel writing and experimental philosophy, touching on Francis Bacon, the Royal Society, and John Locke.
The “Age of Discovery” is a period of European history running from the late fifteenth to the late seventeenth century. European ships set off around the world, mapping unfamiliar lands, seeking new trade routes, conquering and colonizing. Halfway through this period, travel writing became tangled with experimental philosophy.
In the early seventeenth century, philosophers argued we should obtain information about the world through observation and experiment. In this way we would create “natural histories” of existing things. Francis Bacon’s 1620 The Great Instauration (Instauratio Magna) listed dozens of topics for study, including seas, clouds, weather effects, the motions of the Earth, animals, and metals; see Bacon (1900, 372–81)....
Related TopicsTravel Exploration Discovery Induction
- Adams PG (1962) Travelers and travel liars, 1660–1800. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
- Bacon F (1900) The works of Francis Bacon, Translations, vol VIII. Houghton Mifflin, BostonGoogle Scholar
- Bacon F (1964) In: Farrington B (ed) The philosophy of Francis Bacon: an essay on its development from 1603 to 1609 with new translations of fundamental texts. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
- Boyle R (1999–2000) In: Hunter M, Davis EB (eds) The works of Robert Boyle. Pickering and Chatto, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Brathwait R (1641) The English gentleman; and the English gentlewoman. John Dawson, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Carey D (2005) Locke, Shaftesbury, and Hutcheson: contesting diversity in the enlightenment and beyond. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- Connolly PJ (2013) Travel literature, the new world, and Locke on species. Soc Polit 7:103–116Google Scholar
- Connolly PJ (2019) Locke, Pyrard, and coconuts: travel literature, evidence and natural history. In: Lancaster JAT, Raiswell R (eds) Evidence in the age of the new sciences. Springer, Cham, pp 103–122Google Scholar
- Locke J (1699) Mr. Locke’s reply to the right reverend the Lord Bishop of Worcester’s answer to his second letter. H. C. for A. and I. Churchill, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Locke J (1858) In: King L (ed) The life and letters of John Locker. Henry G. Bohn, LondonGoogle Scholar
- McKnight SA (2006) The religious foundations of Francis Bacon’s thought. University of Missouri Press, ColumbiaGoogle Scholar
- Pyrard F (1619) Voyage de François Pyrard de Laval (trans: Gray A). Asian Education Services, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
- Thomas E (2020) The meaning of travel: philosophers abroad. Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
- Wollstonecraft M (1796) Letters written during a short residence in Sweden, Norway and Denmark. J. Johnson, St Paul’s Church-Yard, LondonGoogle Scholar