Permanent Fillers

  • Márcio Soares Serra
  • Leonardo Zacharias Gonçalves
Living reference work entry
Part of the Clinical Approaches and Procedures in Cosmetic Dermatology book series (CAPCD)

Abstract

Permanent fillers are mainly used in the correction of furrows and deep depressions of the skin that are beyond the normal facial wrinkles that appear with aging. They can be an excellent option in facial rejuvenation, especially when there is need for facial and body volume restoration, such as in HIV lipodystrophy. Of the permanent fillers currently available, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) is the most commonly used, and has been shown to be safe, effective, and long lasting.

Keywords

Silicone Polyacrylamide Polyalkylimide Polymethyl methacrylate PMMA Fillers Lipoatrophy HIV Lipodystrophy 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Márcio Soares Serra
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Leonardo Zacharias Gonçalves
    • 3
  1. 1.DermatologyFederal University of The State of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Cosmiatric Dermatology, Gaffrèe & Guinle University HospitalRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.Brazilian Society of DermatologyRio de JaneiroBrazil
  4. 4.American Academy DermatologyScaumburgUSA

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