Living Reference Work Entry

Fungal Metabolites

Part of the series Reference Series in Phytochemistry pp 1-25

Date: Latest Version

Bioengineering of Value-Added Wood Using the White Rot Fungus Physisporinus vitreus

  • Francis Willis Mathew Robert SchwarzeAffiliated withLaboratory of Applied Wood Materials, Bio-engineered Wood, Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research Email author 
  • , Mark SchubertAffiliated withLaboratory of Applied Wood Materials, Bio-engineered Wood, Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research

Abstract

Over the past 10 years, we have intensively investigated the potential of the white-rot fungus Physisporinus vitreus for engineering value-added wood products. Because of its exceptional wood degradation pattern, i.e., selective lignification without significant wood strength losses and a preferential degradation of bordered pit membranes, it is possible to use this fungus under controlled conditions to improve the acoustic properties of resonance wood (i.e., “mycowood”) as well as to enhance the uptake of preservatives and wood modification substances in refractory wood species (e.g., Norway spruce), a process known as “bioincising.” This chapter summarizes the research that we have performed with P. vitreus and critically discusses the challenges encountered during the development of two distinct processes for engineering value-added wood products. Finally, we peep into the future potential of the bioincising and mycowood processes for additional applications in the forest and wood industry.

Keywords

Bioincising Mycowood Wood permeability Acoustic properties Resonance wood Value-added wood products