Diabetes and Sleep Disorders

  • Shalinee Chawla
  • Steve H. SalzmanEmail author
Reference work entry


Although the prevalence of both diabetes and sleep apnea coincides with the epidemic of obesity, current evidence suggests that the interconnections between diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea–hypopnea syndrome (OSA) are not simply due to their common risk factor of obesity. Physiologic derangements and mediators released during sleep as a result of OSA appear to lead to impaired glucose metabolism, increasing the likelihood of diabetes and impairing the efficacy of its treatment. In addition, the metabolic abnormalities of diabetes could worsen the severity of OSA or affect compensatory mechanisms.


Obstructive sleep apnea Sleep disordered breathing AHI apnea hypopnea index 



This revision to Diabetes and Sleep Disorders would not have been possible if not for the excellent initial chapter authored by Drs. Abhijith Hegde and Steve H. Salzman.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care MedicineWinthrop-University HospitalMineolaUSA

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