Rare Lung Diseases of Newborns

Living reference work entry


Rare causes of respiratory distress in the newborn, mainly in term infants, need to be considered in uncommon and atypical circumstances. Embryological, pathological, surgical, antenatal, or pediatric classifications for rare lung diseases have been reported. The following is a description of rare but not negligible pulmonary diseases causing respiratory distress with neonatal presentation.

Parenchymal diseases and cystic lung diseases are briefly dealt with in order to favor the clinical approach and the diagnostic orientation in these rare and often life-threatening conditions.


Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia Pulmonary Hypoplasia Bronchogenic Cyst Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Alveolar capillary dysplasia


Bronchogenic cyst


Bronchopulmonary sequestration


Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation


Congenital diaphragmatic hernia


Congenital lobar emphysema


Congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia


Primary ciliary dyskinesia


Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neonatologia e Terapia Intensiva NeonataleFondazione MBBM, ASST-Ospedale San Gerardo-MonzaMonzaItaly

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