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Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Cardiopulmonary Bypass in the Poisoned Patient

  • William P. KernsII
  • Alan C. Heffner
Reference work entry

Abstract

Cardiopulmonary deterioration is a final common pathway of many life-threatening conditions, including those induced by toxins. Despite advances in resuscitation and critical care, severe pulmonary and cardiac failures are associated with a high risk of organ failure and death. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a growing rescue modality for patients with acute reversible life-threatening cardiopulmonary conditions.

Keywords

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation Cardiopulmonary bypass ECMO Extracorporeal life support Hypoxemia Acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS Cardiopulmonary failure Calcium channel antagonists Sodium channel antagonist Cardiopulmonary resuscitation ß-adrenergic blockers Respiratory failure Paraquat Colchicine Chloroquine Cyclophosphamide Bupropion Taxine Organ donation Intravenous fat emulsion Lipid rescue Extracorporeal drug elimination 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Medical ToxicologyDepartment of Emergency Medicine Carolinas Medical CenterCharlotteUSA
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine, Department of Emergency MedicineCarolinas Medical CenterCharlotteUSA

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