Formal e-Learning in Arab Countries: Challenges and Opportunities

  • Gihan OsmanEmail author
Living reference work entry


Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are strongly endorsed by some Arab countries as a catalyst to transform higher education to meet the challenges of a globalized knowledge economy. The chapter focuses on the e-learning experiences and endeavors of five Arab countries, namely, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, as examples of commonalities and differences within the region. The chapter discusses different factors that impact the diffusion of Internet-based modalities in these states such as ICT infrastructure, internet access, gender, language, learning culture, stakeholders’ attitudes, quality assurance, and policy. It provides commentary on the current status and recommendations for future progress.


Arab world, e-Learning, Online learning, Blended learning, Higher education, ICT, Educational reform, Culture 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Education, and Center of Learning and TeachingAmerican University in CairoNew CairoEgypt

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