Living Reference Work Entry

Handbook of Gynecology

pp 1-15

Date: Latest Version

Contraception and Family Planning

  • Parisa SamimiAffiliated withDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology – Resident Physician, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Email author 
  • , Tania BasuAffiliated withDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology – Attending Physician, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center


Family planning is a critical issue in the field of women’s health. Both hormonal and nonhormonal forms of contraception are available to women. A woman’s long-term goals, personal beliefs, and medical conditions impact heavily on her choice of contraception. While many of these methods are encouraged to be used prior to unintended pregnancy, this chapter will also address emergency contraception, as well as methods for pregnancy termination. The US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, developed by WHO and modified by the US CDC, comprises guidance recommendations for the use of specific contraceptive methods by women and men who have certain medical conditions or characteristics.


Sterilization Contraception Abortion Emergency contraception Postpartum insertion Tubal ligation Oral contraceptive pills Contraceptive implant IUD Barrier methods Unintended pregnancy Hysteroscopic sterilization Levonorgestrel IUD Copper IUD Progestin-only pills